Footnotes

Israel 101 booklet: 

 

Page 5: Zionism: Ties that Bind

  1. Dore Gold, “Jerusalem in International Diplomacy: Demography,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, October 27, 2006, at http://www.jcpa.org/art/jid-intro.htm#reldim

  2. Michael Grant, The Jews in the Roman World, 1973, p. 255;
    Elliott A Green, “What Did Rome Call the Land of Israel—And Where Were Its Borders?” in Midstream (New York), October 1995. Online at http://www.netanyahu.org/whatdidromca.html

  3. R.P. Michael Naud, Voyage Nouveau de la Terre-Sainte, Paris, 1702, pp. 58, 563.

  4. Mark Twain, “Concerning the Jews,” Harper’s Magazine, March 1898. Online at www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1898twain-jews.html

 

Page 6: Evolution of the Region

  1. Michael Grant, The Jews in the Roman World, 1973, p. 255;
    Elliott A Green, “What Did Rome Call the Land of Israel—And Where Were Its Borders?” in Midstream (New York), October 1995. Online at http://www.netanyahu.org/whatdidromca.html

  2. League of Nations, “An Interim Report on the Civil Administration of Palestine, during the period 1st July, 1920-30th June, 1921,” July 1921. Online at http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/349b02280a930813052565e90048ed1c!OpenDocument

 

Page 7: Israel Reborn

  1. Balfour Declaration, November 17, 1917. Online at http://yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/mideast/balfour.htm

  2. Treaty of Sevres, Section VII, Article 94, August 10, 1920. Online at http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/versa/sevres1.html

  3. Council of the League of Nations, The Palestine Mandate, Article 6, July 24, 1922. Online at http://yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/mideast/palmanda.htm

 

Page 11: Restoring the Jewish Homeland

  1. Dore Gold, “Jerusalem in International Diplomacy: Demography,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, October 27, 2006, at http://www.jcpa.org/art/jid-intro.htm#reldim

  2. Quoted in David Landes, “Palestine Before the Zionists,” Commentary, May 1976, p. 22

  3. League of Nations, “An Interim Report on the Civil Administration of Palestine, during the period 1st July, 1920-30th June, 1921,” July 1921. Online at http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/349b02280a930813052565e90048ed1c!OpenDocument

  4. Arieh L. Avneri, The Claim of Dispossession, 4th ed., 2005, p. 12; Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949, 1989, pp. 17-18;“Demography of Palestine & Israel, the West Bank and Gaza,” Jewish Virtual Library, online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/demograhics.html; 

  5. Sir John Hope-Simpson, “Palestine: Report on Immigration, Land Settlement and Development, 1930,” p. 51, Command Paper No. 3686, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1930. Online at http://www.mideastweb.org/hopesimpson.htm;

  6. Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness, Columbia University Press, 1998 pp. 112-113.

  7. The Peel Commission Report: Report of the Royal Commission, Chapter IX, July 1937. Online at http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/08e38a718201458b052565700072b358!OpenDocument

  8. Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001, Vintage, 2001 p. 133. 

  9. League of Nations, “An Interim Report on the Civil Administration of Palestine, during the period 1st July, 1920-30th June, 1921,” July 1921. Online at http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/349b02280a930813052565e90048ed1c!OpenDocument

  10. “Demography of Palestine & Israel, the West Bank and Gaza,” Jewish Virtual Library, online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/demograhics.html

  11. Churchill or British White Paper of June 1922, in Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin (eds.), The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, 4th ed., 1987, p. 45. Online at http://www.mideastweb.org/1922wp.htm

  12. League of Nations, “An Interim Report on the Civil Administration of Palestine, during the period 1st July, 1920-30th June, 1921”, July 1921. Online at http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/9a798adbf322aff38525617b006d88d7/349b02280a930813052565e90048ed1c!OpenDocument

  13. Jewish National Fund, “JNF Centennial Celebration,” at http://www.jnf.org/site/PageServer?pagename=history

  14. Howard Sachar, A History of Israel, 2000, pp. 156, 167;
    Yehoshua Porath, Palestinian Arab National Movement: From Riots to Rebellion: 1929-1939, Vol. 2, 1977, pp 17-18, 39. 

  15. Quoted in Daniel Pipes, Greater Syria: The History of an Ambition, Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 179.

  16. Walter Laqueur, A History of Zionism, 1989, p. 510.

  17. Moshe Aumann, “Land Ownership in Palestine, 1880-1948,” in Michael Curtis et al, The Palestinians,1975, p. 29.

  18. Naftali Greenwood, “Redeemers of the Land,” Oct 18, 1999, at http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/History/Modern+History/Centenary+of+Zionism/The+Redeemers+of+the+Land.htm

  19. The Economist, “Tel Aviv,” The Economist: Cities Guide. Online at http://www.economist.com/cities/displayobject.cfm?obj_id=5080851

 

Page 13: Arab-Israeli Wars and Terrorism: 1920-Present

  1. Tom Segev, One Palestine Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate, 2000 p.327.

  2. Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001, Vintage, 2001 p. 133;
    “The 1936 Riots,” Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/riots36.htm

  3. Michael Oren, Six Days of War, 2002, p. 293.

  4. Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group (PHRMG), “’Collaborators’: New Impetus for an Old Witch Hunt,” PHRMG Monitor, February 2002. Online at http://www.phrmg.org/monitor2002/feb2002-9.htm

 

Page 15: Aftermath of the Wars: Arab and Jewish Refugees

  1. Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949, 1989, p. 286
    Also see David Meir-Levi, “The Origins of the Refugee Problem,” Jewish World, 2005. Online at http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1501222/posts

  2. Anita Shapira, “The Past Is Not a Foreign Country: The Failure of Israel’s ‘New Historians’ To Explain War and Peace,” The New Republic, November 29, 1999. Online at http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses01/rrtw/Shapira.htm

  3. Gerald M. Steinberg, “Jerusalem – 1948, 1967, 2000: Setting the Record Straight,” Canadian Jewish News, August 24, 2000. Online at http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~steing/conflict/oped/jerufact.htm

  4. John F. Burns, “In the Islamic Mideast, Scant Place for Jews,” Week in Review, New York Times, July 25, 1999. Online at http://www.library.cornell.edu/colldev/mideast/isljew.htm

  5. Howard Sachar, A History of Israel, 2000, pp. 395-405.

  6. Statistics derived from Mitchell Bard, Myths and Facts: A Guide to the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 2001, pp. 192-198. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/arabjewtoc.html

  7. Members of the First Knesset at http://www.knesset.gov.il/mk/eng/mkindexByKnesset_eng.asp?knesset=1

  8. Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001, Vintage, 2001 pp. 252-258;
    Yoav Gelber, Palestine 1948: War, Escape and the Emergence of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 2001, pp. 74-84. 

  9. Howard Sachar, A History of Israel, 2000, p.333; Quoted in "Israel and the Arabs: The 50 Year Conflict," BBC documentary, cited in Eric Silver, Jerusalem Report, April 2, 1998. Also cited and discussed by CAMERA, “Pattern of Bias,” July 1999, online at http://world.std.com/~camera/docs/report/nprpattern.html

  10. Mahmoud Abbas, “What We Have Learned and What We Should Do,” Falastin a-Thaura, March 1976.
    Falastin a-Thaura was the official journal of the PLO, printed in Beirut. A larger quote reads: "The Arab armies entered Palestine to protect the Palestinians from the Zionist tyranny but, instead, they abandoned them, forced them to emigrate and to leave their homeland, imposed upon them a political and ideological blockade and threw them into prisons similar to the ghettos in which the Jews used to live in Eastern Europe, as if we were condemned to change places with them; they moved out of their ghettos and we occupied similar ones. The Arab States succeeded in scattering the Palestinian people and in destroying their unity. They did not recognize them as a unified people until the States of the world did so, and this is regrettable."
    Cited in “Palestine’s Pawns,” Wall Street Journal, June 5, 2003. Log in to read it at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB105476554941947700.html
    Read a summary of the article at http://www.dailyalert.org/archive/2003-06/2003-06-05.html

  11. Quoted in Nimr el-Hawari, Sir An-Nakbah, Nazareth, 1952.

  12. Haled al Azm, The Memoirs of Haled al Azm, Beirut, 1973, Part I, pp. 386-387

  13. Quoted in "Israel and the Arabs: The 50 Year Conflict," BBC documentary, cited in Eric Silver, Jerusalem Report, April 2, 1998. Also cited and discussed by CAMERA, “Pattern of Bias,” July 1999. Online at http://world.std.com/~camera/docs/report/nprpattern.html

  14. Quoted in Terence Prittie, "Middle East Refugees," in Michael Curtis, et al., The Palestinians: People, History, Politics, Transaction, 1975 p. 71.

  15. AP interview with King Hussein of Jordan, January 1960. Quoted in Alan Dershowitz, The Case for Israel, John Wiley & Sons, 2003 pp. 87-88.

  16. Quoted in Paul Garwood and Maggie Michael “Palestinian refugees: championed by Arab world yet treated like outcasts,” Associated Press, December 30, 2003.
    Online at http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1051472/posts

  17. In an interview on a German television service, reproduced in the Swiss newspaper Zibicher Woche, September 1, 1961. Quoted in the Statement to the Special Political Committee of the United Nations General Assembly by Foreign Minister Meir, December 15, 1961. Online at http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Foreign+Relations/Israels+Foreign+Relations+since+1947/1947-1974/14+Statement+to+the+Special+Political+Committee+of.htm

  18. Quoted in the Jordanian newspaper Al-Dustur, August 16, 1999; Cited by MEMRI, Special Report no. 5, “Palestinian Thoughts on the Right of Return,” March 30, 2001. Online at http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sr&ID=SR00501

  19. Self-description of UNRWA, at http://www.un.org/unrwa/overview/index.html

  20. UN/UNRWA statistics, “Total registered refugees per county and area – As at 31 March 2005.” Online at http://www.un.org/unrwa/publications/pdf/rr_countryandarea.pdf

 

Page 17: The Aftermath of the 1967 War

  1. Article 24 of original Palestinian National Charter, 1964. Online at http://www.palestine-un.org/plo/pna_two.html

  2. The amended Palestinian National Charter passed by the 4th Palestinian National Council in 1968. Online at http://www.palestine-un.org/plo/pna_three.html

  3. Khartoum Resolutions, September 1967. Online at http://www.mideastweb.org/khartoum.htm

  4. Letters between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and US President Jimmy Carter, attached to the Treaty of Peace between the State of Israel and the Arab Republic of Egypt, March 26, 1979. Online at http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/peace%20process/guide%20to%20the%20peace%20process/israel-egypt%20peace%20treaty%20-%20letters

  5. Howard Sachar, History of Israel, 2000, p. 678, 707.

  6. Efraim Karsh, “What Occupation?” Commentary, July 2002. Online at. http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Archive/DigitalArchive.aspx?SearchId=db67103843c2483b8871fe988c8a4f30. Read it without logging in at http://palestinefacts.org/what_occupation.html.
    “Demography of Palestine & Israel, the West Bank and Gaza,” Jewish Virtual Library, online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/demograhics.html
    Bennett Zimmerman et al, “The Million Person Gap: The Arab Population in the West Bank and Gaza,” Begin-Sadat Center, February 2006, p. 12. Online at http://www.biu.ac.il/Besa/MSPS65.pdf.

  7. Efraim Karsh, “What Occupation?” Commentary, July 2002. Online at. http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Archive/DigitalArchive.aspx?SearchId=db67103843c2483b8871fe988c8a4f30. Read it without logging in at http://palestinefacts.org/what_occupation.html.

  8. Efraim Karsh, “What Occupation?” Commentary, July 2002. Online at. http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Archive/DigitalArchive.aspx?SearchId=db67103843c2483b8871fe988c8a4f30. Read it without logging in at http://palestinefacts.org/what_occupation.html.

  9. Howard Sachar, History of Israel, 2000, p. 688.

  10. Howard Sachar, History of Israel, 2000, p. 687.

  11. Efraim Karsh, “What Occupation?” Commentary, July 2002. Online at. http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Archive/DigitalArchive.aspx?SearchId=db67103843c2483b8871fe988c8a4f30. Read it without logging in at http://palestinefacts.org/what_occupation.html.

  12. Howard Sachar, History of Israel, 2000, p. 687.

  13. Efraim Karsh, “What Occupation?” Commentary, July 2002. Online at. http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Archive/DigitalArchive.aspx?SearchId=db67103843c2483b8871fe988c8a4f30. Read it without logging in at http://palestinefacts.org/what_occupation.html.

  14. Freedom House, “Freedom in the World: Palestinian Authority-Administered Territories [Israel] (2002)” Online at http://www.freedomhouse.org/inc/content/pubs/fiw/inc_country_detail.cfm?country=2559&pf

  15. The Palestine Mandate, 1922, online at http://yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/mideast/palmanda.htm

  16. Anita Shapira, “The Past Is Not a Foreign Country: The Failure of Israel’s ‘New Historians’ To Explain War and Peace,” The New Republic, November 29, 1999. Online at http://ontology.buffalo.edu/smith/courses01/rrtw/Shapira.htm

  17. Jeffrey Helmreich, “Diplomatic and Legal Aspects of the Settlement Issue,” Jerusalem Issue Brief, January 19, 2003. Online at www.jcpa.org/brief/brief2-16.htm

  18. Eugene W. Rostow, "Bricks and Stones: Settling for Leverage; Palestinian Autonomy," The New Republic, April 23, 1990. Online at www.tzemachdovid.org/facts/islegal2.shtml

 

Page 19: The Evolution of U.S.-Israel Relations

  1. All President quotes in “U.S. Presidents on Israel,” Jewish Virtual Library, online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/presquote.html

  2. Mitchell Bard, “U.S. Aid to Israel,” Jewish Virtual Library. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/foreign_aid.html

  3. Mitchell Bard, “The United Nations and Israel,” Jewish Virtual Library. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/UN/israel_un.html
    Mohammed Daraghmeh, “Palestinian Aid Groups Refuse U.S. Money,” The Associated Press, January 5, 2004. Online at http://nucnews.net/nucnews/2004nn/0401nn/040105nn.htm#720 and http://palestinechronicle.com/story.php?sid=20040107135522110

  4. “Operation ‘Rooster’” on Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/Rooster.html and http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Hangar/2848/operate3.htm

  5. Tamar Sternthal, “WSJ Columnist Overstates U.S. Aid to Israel by Almost $1 Trillion,” CAMERA, December 12, 2003. Online at http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_article=596&x_context=2.

  6. Mitchell Bard, “U.S. Aid to Israel,” Jewish Virtual Library. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/foreign_aid.html

  7. Mitchell Bard, “U.S.-Israel Relations: A Special Alliance,” Jewish Virtual Library, Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/special.html

  8. “Counterterrorism Cooperation Accord Between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the United States of America,” April 30, 1996. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/Terror_coop_MOU.html
    and “Counterterrorism Group Formed,” October 1999. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/countergrp.html

 

Page 20: Israel’s Search for Peace with its Neighbors

  1. Letter from Emir Feisal to Felix Frankfurter, sent by Delegation Hedjazienne, Paris, March 3, 1919. Reprinted in The Israel-Arab Reader, 1969, p. 21
    Quoted by Israel's UN Ambassador Yosef Tekoah in a speech before the UN General Assembly, November 22, 1974. Online at http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/361eea1cc08301c485256cf600606959/7219f7fe733b856485256236005a4700!OpenDocument
    Emir Feisal (also known as Faisal bin Husayn) (1883-1933) was the Arab representative at the Paris Peace Conference, and later the king of Iraq. American Felix Frankfurter (1882-1965) was a Zionist delegate at the Paris Peace Conference and was later nominated as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice by President Franklin Roosevelt.

  2. Quoted in Howard M. Sachar, A History of Israel, 2000, p. 453.

  3. Khartoum Resolutions, September 1967, online at http://www.mideastweb.org/khartoum.htm

 

Page 23: The Oslo Accords, The Road Map, The Gaza Disengagement: 1993-2006

  1. “Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangement,” September 13, 1993. Online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/dop.html

  2. Yasser Arafat, in the speech "The Impending Total Collapse of Israel", the Grand Hotel, Stockholm, Sweden January 30, 1996.
    Quoted in “Arafat in Stockholm,” Arutz-7, February 27, 1996, online at http://www.professors.org.il/docs/stock.htm
    Also quoted, with background on the speech and its coverage in the press, in Yedidya Atlas, “Arafat's Secret Agenda Is to Wear Israelis Out,” Insight, April 1, 1996. Online at http://www.iris.org.il/quotes/stockhlm.htm
    A larger quote reads: "We Palestinians will take over everything, including all of Jerusalem.... Peres and Beilin have already promised us half of Jerusalem. The Golan Heights have already been given away, subject to just a few details….All the rich Jews who will get compensation will travel to America....We of the PLO will now concentrate all our efforts on splitting Israel psychologically into two camps. Within five years we will have six to seven million Arabs living in the West Bank and in Jerusalem. All Palestinian Arabs will be welcomed by us. If the Jews can import all kinds of Ethiopians, Russians, Uzbeks and Ukranians as Jews, we can import all kinds of Arabs to us...You understand that we plan to eliminate the State of Israel and establish a purely Palestinian State. We will make life unbearable for Jews by psychological warfare and population explosion. Jews will not want to live among Arabs. I have no use for Jews; they are and remain Jews. We now need all the help we can get from you in our battle for a united Palestine under total Arab-Muslim domination!" 

  3. Interview with Dennis Ross on Fox News Sunday, April 21, 2002. Transcript online at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,50830,00.html

  4. Lamia Lahoud, “PA minister: Intifada planned since July,” Jerusalem Post, March 4, 2001. Buy the article at http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jpost/access/69228568.html?dids=69228568:69228568&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Mar+4%2C+2001&author=LAMIA+LAHOUD%2C+News+agencies+contributed+to+this+report&pub=Jerusalem+Post&edition=&startpage=02&desc=PA+minister%3A+Intifada+planned+since+July

  5. Statistics compiled from “Fatalities in Palestinian Terror Attacks (1967-2005),” Jewish Virtual Library, online at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/osloterr.html

 

Page 27: Intifada

Background information on terrorist groups can be found at:

  1. Lamia Lahoud, “PA minister: Intifada planned since July,” Jerusalem Post, March 4, 2001. Buy the article at http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jpost/access/69228568.html?dids=69228568:69228568&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Mar+4%2C+2001&author=LAMIA+LAHOUD%2C+News+agencies+contributed+to+this+report&pub=Jerusalem+Post&edition=&startpage=02&desc=PA+minister%3A+Intifada+planned+since+July

  2. Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Palestinian Terrorism in 2005,” December 31, 2005. Online at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/palestinian_terror_e.pdf

  3. Jonathan D. Halevi, “Abbas Approves PA Assistance to Families of Suicide Bombers,” News First Class, December 5, 2005. The article can be found online in Hebrew at http://www.nfc.co.il/archive/001-D-87514-00.html?tag=13-31-45, and a summary of it in English at http://www.dailyalert.org/archive/2005-12/2005-12-05.html

  4. Terrorist Group Profile for Hizballah, Country Reports on Terrorism, 2004. United States Department of State, April 2005. Online at http://library.nps.navy.mil/home/tgp/hizbalah.htm;
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Special Information Bulletin,” April 4, 2005, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia//english/counterterrorism-data/pdf/apr13_05.pdf

  5. “Hamas” at Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/hamas.html
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Suicide Bombing terrorism during the current Israeli-Palestinian confrontation (September 2000-December 2005),” January 1, 2006, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/suicide_terrorism_ae.pdf
    “2005 Terrorism Review,” Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, January 2, 2006, at http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Terrorism-+Obstacle+to+Peace/Terrorism+and+Islamic+Fundamentalism-/2005+Terrorism+Review.htm

  6. Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook, "Hamas Video: We will drink the blood of the Jews," Palestinian Media Watch Bulletin, February 14, 2006, at http://www.pmw.org.il/Latest%20bulletins%20new.htm#b140206
    Cited in Orly Halpern, “Hamas working on ‘new charter’”, Jerusalem Post, February 16, 2006. Online at http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1139395429041&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter

  7. Quoted in the Lebanese Al-Safir, March 21 2001. Cited online at http://www.middleeastfacts.com/quotes-from-palestinian-leaders-and-media.php

  8. “PLO” at Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/plo.html
    CAMERA, “Yasir Arafat’s Timeline of Terror,” CAMERA, November 13 2004. Online at http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=7&x_issue=11&x_article=795 
    Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin, Yasir Arafat: A Political Biography, 2003.

  9. “Fatah's Political Program” at Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/fatah_program.html
    “Fatah Tanzim,” Institute for Counter-Terrorism at http://www.ict.org.il/organizations/orgdet.cfm?orgid=82
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Suicide Bombing terrorism during the current Israeli-Palestinian confrontation (September 2000-December 2005),” January 1, 2006, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/suicide_terrorism_ae.pdf
    “2005 Terrorism Review,” Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, January 2, 2006, at http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Terrorism-+Obstacle+to+Peace/Terrorism+and+Islamic+Fundamentalism-/2005+Terrorism+Review.htm

  10. “Palestinian Islamic Jihad” at Jewish Virtual Library, at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/PIJ.html
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Special Information Bulletin,” February 28, 2005, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia//english/authority-jihad/pdf/mar3_05.pdf
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, “Suicide Bombing terrorism during the current Israeli-Palestinian confrontation (September 2000-December 2005),” January 1, 2006, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/suicide_terrorism_ae.pdf
    “2005 Terrorism Review,” Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, January 2, 2006, at http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Terrorism-+Obstacle+to+Peace/Terrorism+and+Islamic+Fundamentalism-/2005+Terrorism+Review.htm

  11. “Hizballah” at Institute for Counter-Terrorism at http://www.ict.org.il/organizations/orgdet.cfm?orgid=15
    Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, “Background Information about Hezbollah…” July 13, 2006, at http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/html/hezbollah_e0706.htm
    “Background Information on Foreign Terrorist O