Factsheets

Overview of the 2020 U.S. Peace Plan

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In January, 2020, the U.S. Administration released a plan titled “Peace to Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Lives of the Palestinian and Israeli People”. The following is an overview of the context, contents, and reactions to the proposal.

Context:

There have been numerous international efforts to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. In each case Israeli leaders agreed to negotiate or said yes, while Palestinian leaders said no.

1920: British Mandate of Palestine

In 1920 the League of Nations unanimously recognized the land of Israel, then known by the Roman name ‘Palestine’, as the home of the Jewish people under international law. The Jews, an indigenous people from the area in and around Israel, who were dispossessed and oppressed for 1,900 years across Europe and the Middle East, were finally granted their right to self-determination in their ancestral home.

1937: Peel Commission

In 1937, as the conflict escalated, the British Peel Commission proposed to divide the land into two states for two peoples – one for the Jews and one for the Palestinian Arabs. The proposed Jewish state represented only 20% of the land promised to the Jews by the League of Nations, but the Jewish leadership said yes to it as a basis for negotiations

The British were given the responsibility to facilitate the return of Jews and rebirth of the Jewish state, while doing nothing to, “prejudice the civil and religious rights” of Arab residents and others. Unfortunately, in 1920 the British empowered a racist extremist named Haj Amin al-Husseini to lead the Palestinian Arabs. Husseini proceeded to organize violent attacks and boycotts throughout the 192